Jirahlyn Antipuesto




NATURE, may refer to the general realm of various types of living plants and animals, and in some cases to the processes associated with an inanimate objects-the way that particular types of things exist and change of their own accord, such as the weather and geology of Earth, and the matter and energy of which all these things are composed. It is often taken to mean the, "natural environment" or wilderness-wild animals, rocks, forest, beaches, and in general those things that have not been substantially altered by human intervention, or which persist despite human intervention. 

Code for Visual Basic Programmers

Visual Studio .NET 2003

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There are many sources of code within the Visual Basic documentation set. This topic helps you get started in locating that code. Note that some of this code is contained within topics that provide further explanation or instructions on how to perform a task, whereas some is contained in special topics devoted only to displaying a code example.

Code in the Visual Basic Documentation

The following topics highlight useful code samples, by feature, within the Visual Basic documentation.

Code for Windows Forms Applications

Lists code examples in the "Creating Windows Applications" section of the documentation.

Code for Windows Forms Controls

Lists code examples in the "Windows Forms Controls" section of the documentation.

Code for Data Access

Lists code examples in the "Accessing Data" section of the documentation.

Code for Web Applications

Lists code examples in the "Creating Web Applications and Services" section of the documentation.

Code for Web Forms Controls

Lists code examples in the "ASP.NET Server Controls" section of the documentation

Code for Component Programming

Lists code examples in the "Programming with Components" section of the documentation.

Other Sources for Sample Code

You can also find sample code in the following locations:

Visual Basic Code Example Topics

Lists quickstart-like code examples that help you perform common tasks in Visual Basic .NET.

Visual Basic Language Tour

Provides links to topics that contain code showing how to use basic language features, such as threading, inheritance, and file IO.

Visual Basic Sample Applications

Lists compiled sample applications available to you in the documentation set.

Walkthroughs in Visual Basic and Visual C#

Lists tutorial topics that provide step-by-step instructions on the process of creating applications and learning to use specific features.

Visual Basic QuickStarts and Other Samples

Lists samples available to you when you install the .NET Framework SDK.

.NET Framework Reference Information

Provides links to reference topics, some of which code examples of how to use classes and their members in.

Visual Basic Example Code

Below is an example VB program that does the same thing as the "Demo" program that ships with Netica C-API.  There is a Visual Studio project for it, called "Netica Demo for VB" within the " Netica\Netica xxx\Programming Examples " folder of the Netica download package. (more info on programming Netica in VB)


Sub Main()

On Error GoTo Failed





Below is an example that reads in a net from the Examples folder (you may have to change the path), then reads in cases and does belief updating.



Sub Main()

On Error GoTo Failed





Here is how you could set the CPTs of the "Chest Clinic" example from the manual:




Here are 6 alternate ways to set the CPT of the TbOrCa node.




The Visual Basic Programming Language


Microsoft released Visual Basic in 1987. It was the first visual development tool from Microsoft, and it was to compete with C, C++, Pascal and other well-known programming languages. From the start, Visual Basic wasn't a hit. It wasn't until release 2.0 in 1991 that people really discovered the potential of the language, and with release 3.0 it had become the fastest-growing programming language on the market.

What Is Visual Basic?

Programmers have undergone a major change in many years of programming various machines. For example what could be created in minutes with Visual Basic could take days in other languages such: as "C" or "Pascal". Visual Basic provides many interesting sets of tools to aid you in building exciting applications. Visual Basic provides these tools to make your life far more easier because all the real hard code is already written for you.

With controls like these you can create many applications which use certain parts of windows. For example, one of the controls could be a button, which we have demonstrated in the "Hello World" program below. First create the control on the screen, then write the code which would be executed once the control button is pressed. With this sort of operation in mind, simple programs would take very little code. Why do it like the poor old "C" programmer who would have to write code to even display a window on the screen, when Visual Basic already has this part written for you.

Even though people tend to say Visual Basic's compiler is far behind the compilers of Pascal and C, it has earned itself the status of a professional programming language, and has almost freed BASIC of the reputation of a children's language. Overall you would class Visual Basic as a Graphics User Interface(GUI). Because as you draw, you write for the program. This must always be remembered in any kind of creation of a Visual Basic program. All in all, VB is the preferred language of many future program mers. If you want to start programming Windows, and don't know how to start, give Visual Basic a shot.

Significant Language Features

Visual Basic is not only a programming language, but also a complete graphical development environment. This environment allows users with little programming experience to quickly develop useful Microsoft Windows applications which have the ability to use OLE ( Object Linking and Embedding ) objects, such as an Excel spreadsheet. Visual Basic also has the ability to develop programs that can be used as a front end application to a database system, serving as the user interface which collects user input and displays formatted output in a more appealing and useful form than many SQL versions are capable of.

Visual Basic's main selling point is the ease with which it allows the user to create nice looking, graphical programs with little coding by the programmer, unlike many other languages that may take hundreds of lines of programmer keyed code. As the programmer works in the graphical environment, much of the program code is automatically generated by the Visual Basic program. In order to understand how this happens it is necessary to understand the major concepts, objects and tools used by Visual Basic. The main object in Visual Basic is called a form. When you open a new project, you will start with a clear form that looks similar to this :

This form will eventually be incorporated into your program as a window. To this form you add controls. Controls are things like text boxes, check boxes and command buttons. Controls are added to your form by choosing them from the Visual Basic "tool box" with the mouse and inserting them in the form. Yours may look different, but the basic Visual Basic Tool Box looks like this :

Once forms/controls are created, you can change the properties ( appearance, structure etc. ) related to those objects in that particular objects properties window. From this window, you choose the property you want to change from the list and change its corresponding setting. Here is an example of a properties window :

Finally, you can add events to your controls. Events are responses to actions performed on controls. For example, in the "Hello world" program sample on this page, when you click on the command button on our form the event that is triggered is the output of the message "Hello world" to the screen. Code must be written to create an event. You can do this in Visual Basic's code window. Yours will look similar to this ( except of course, the body of the sub-procedure where the actions are specified) :

Once the code box is open, you select the object to create an event for and the triggering action ( such as a certain mouse action ) from the drop down menus in the code box. You can open a code box for a particular form by choosing it from the project window and selecting the View Code button. The project window contains a list of objects associated with that project. Below is an example of a project window :

Once all your objects are created, you can combine them to form a single executable program that can be run outside of the Visual Basic environment, in Microsoft Windows.

Areas of Application

The term "Personal Programming" refers to the idea that, wherever you work, whatever you do, you can expand your computer's usefulness by writing applications to use in your own job. Personal Programming is what Visual Basic is all about.

Using Visual Basic's tools, you quickly translate an abstract idea into a program design you can actually see on the screen. VB encourages you to experiment, revise, correct, and network your design until the new project meets your requirements. However , most of all, it inspires your imagination and creativity.

Visual Basic is ideal for developing applications that run in the new Windows 95 operating system. VB presents a 3-step approach for creating programs:

Design the appearance of your application.

Assign property settings to the objects of your program.

Write the code to direct specific tasks at runtime.

Visual Basic can and is used in a number of different areas, for example:






Marketing and Sales






This is an online lecture in Computer Hardware Servicing, prepared by Mr. George P. Lumayag, ICT Coordinator. These Skills Learning Competencies are patterned from TESDA in preparation of the K to 12 implementation.

Electro-Static Discharge (ESD) Tools

Static electricity is easily generated by friction on carpets, tile flooring, clothing, hair, fabric, and etc. The friction of moving air alone will charge suspended parties and cause the buildup of static electrical charges on people and objects in the environment. Grounded antistatic work mats used electrostatic electricity. Examples of ESD Tools: